Wikipedia This is seen among people working in may different occupations. Toluene, also known as methylbenzene, is an organic chemical compound. That's how it smells, too. Occupational Safety & Health Administration, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Authoritative Risk Assessment Information from U.S. Government Agencies, Severe Storm and Flood Recovery Assistance. Transportation . Without proper ventilation and safety precautions, toluene can cause irritated eyes, nose, and throat; dry or cracked skin; headache, dizziness, feeling of being drunk, confusion and anxiety. Toluene at 86% fueled all turbocharged engines in Formula one during the 1980s. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. In high doses, it … Workers can be exposed to toluene by breathing it in, getting it on their skin, getting it splashed into their eyes, or swallowing it. Toluene, also known as methylbenzene, is a clear, colorless liquid with a distinctive sweet smell that is widely used in industrial settings as a solvent. It has also been used in the formulation of nail products to enable nail polishes, hardeners and lacquers to be applied smoothly. Its IUPAC systematic name is methylbenzene. Toluene definition is - a liquid aromatic hydrocarbon C7H8 that resembles benzene but is less volatile, flammable, and toxic and is used especially as a solvent, in … A volatile petrochemical solvent and paint thinner, toluene is a potent neurotoxicant that acts as an irritant, impairs breathing, and causes nausea. What are the most important things to know about toluene in an emergency? The application of TLV's is discussed in the Statement of Position Regarding the TLVs and BEIs. Toluene. Toluene is produced during the process of making gasoline and other fuels from crude oil, in making coke from coal, and as a by-product in the manufacture of styrene. Toluene is typically used in a mixture with other solvents and chemicals such as paint pigments. Work. Toluene is a clear chemical with a strong and distinctive scent. Oder 1,26 €, um das MP3-Album zu kaufen Toluene. Toluene is used in many industries. Found in nature in a type of balsam tree called the tolu balsam, as well as in crude oil; toluene is also present in the environment as a result of its use as an additive in such products as nail polish, cigarettes, gasoline, dyes, perfume, explosives, paints and thinners, adhesives, and other manufactured goods. It can also be referred as methylbenzene, anisen, and phenyl methane. It is produced in the process of making gasoline and other fuels from crude oil and in making coke from coal. Potentially violent polymerization reaction with strong bases or acyl chlorides. Toluene is a clear, colorless liquid which becomes a vapor when exposed to air at room temperature. It is a mono-substituted benzene derivative, consisting of a methyl group (CH₃) attached to a phenyl group. Its other name is methylbenzene, and chemists illustrate it by drawing a six-sided benzene ring and adding a methyl group to it. Another correct answer is that toluene is an aromatic compound. Toluene is produced during the process of making gasoline and other fuels from crude oil, in making coke from coal, and as a by-product in the manufacture of styrene. It is a good solvent (a substance that can dissolve other substances). Exposure to toluene can result in temporary effects such as headaches, dizziness and cracked skin, as well as more serious effects such as reproductive damage and respiratory complications. Toluene has been used as an ingredient in nail polish removers, due to its ability to help dissolve other substances, such as resins and plasticizers. Its chemical formula is C 7 H 8.Toluene is a commonly used solvent and diluent in paint, paint thinner, and certain glues, where it is responsible for those substances' characteristic odors. Gasoline and other fuels also contain toluene. It has the strong and sweet smell of paint thinner, but this isn't what makes it aromatic. Saving Lives, Protecting People, New Jersey Hazardous Substance Fact Sheets: Toluene, The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Managing Chemical Safety in the Workplace, NMAN: S-Benzylmercapturic acid and S-phenylmercapturic acid in urine 8326, NIOSH Criteria for a Recommended Standard: Occupational Exposure to Toluene, NIOSH Occupational Health Guideline for Toluene, NIOSH Volatile Organic CPDS (Screening) (No. Toluene: Toluene is an organic compound having a benzene ring attached to a methyl group. The main chemical use of toluene is to make benzene, xylenes and other solvents. Toluene has intoxicating properties and when inhaled, can cause neurological harm. Toluene is volatile meaning that it disperses into the air and can thereby be inhaled. Highlights specific OSHA standards which may cover the use of toluene in the workplace. Toluene 108-88-3 Hazard Summary Toluene is added to gasoline, used to produce benzene, and used as a solvent. The level of exposure depends upon the dose, duration, and work being done. Toluene was first derived from reagent named Tolu Balsam. OSHA's exposure limits for toluene have been set to prevent effects of long term exposure on the nervous system, however, workers frequently experience symptoms of toluene exposure in activities where exposures are lower than OSHA's present exposure limits. Provides assistance and information about the management of occupational exposures to toluene. Toluene occurs naturally in crude oil and in the tolú tree. Toluene can remain unchanged for a long time in soil or water that is not in contact with air. Description of substance: Colorless liquid with a sweet, pungent, benzene-like odor. Toluene is an aromatic hydrocarbon consisting of a CH 3 group attached to a phenyl ring. What are other names or identifying information for toluene? 77, No. Effective way to dry toluene you have to distill it first.. Then take it in umber colored bottle & dry adding sodium wire using sodium press , cork tightly & keep it for 2 to 3 days. It is also widely used for various industrial purposes. This means it's made up of carbon and hydrogen atoms, with a formula of C7H8. Toluene occurs naturally in crude oil and in the tolu tree. Toluene is an aromatic solvent that is primarily used as a thinner or diluent in several end-user products, such as paints, coatings and cleaners. Toluene, which is also known as toluol, is a colourless solution which smells a little like paint thinner. Toluene is also flammable, and its vapors can be ignited by flames, sparks or other ignition sources. Reaction with aniline may generate enough heat to ignite unreacted portion and surrounding materials. Both toluene and xylene are important organic compounds having closely similar chemical structures. Toluene is an aromatic hydrocarbon. Biological use: Toluene can also be used for biological purposes. Visit NIOSH’s page on Managing Chemical Safety in the Workplace to learn more about controlling chemical workplace exposures. FOUND IN: Nail polish, nail treatment, hair dyes COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. The central nervous system (CNS) is the primary target organ for toluene toxicity in both humans and animals for acute (short-term) and chronic (long-term) exposures. Toluene definition is - a liquid aromatic hydrocarbon C7H8 that resembles benzene but is less volatile, flammable, and toxic and is used especially as a solvent, in … Toluene definition, a colorless, water-insoluble, flammable liquid, C7H8, having a benzenelike odor, obtained chiefly from coal tar and petroleum: used as a solvent in the manufacture of benzoic acid, benzaldehyde, TNT, and other organic compounds. It is considered an aromatic solvent because it possesses a benzene ring in which six carbon atoms connect with each other from alternating double bonds that create a hexagonal ring called a benzene ring. It is an aromatic hydrocarbon that is widely used as an industrial feedstock and as a solvent. Colorless and insoluble in water, toluene can be dangerous when its fumes are inhaled, causing neurological damage and intoxication. It is also added to gasoline to improve its octane rating. It is smell like paint thinners. What is toluene. This page links to additional information about: Provides information on training workers who use materials containing toluene about the health and safety hazards of toluene, how to recognize exposure to toluene, and the protective measures that apply to the use of toluene in the specific work area. What are other names or identifying information for toluene? See more. Toluene is a toxic chemical used in in nail products and hair dyes. What is the WHMIS 1988 classification? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Toluene is a flammable, colorless liquid with an aromatic hydrocarbon odor. Solvents such as toluene should be stored in drummed containers such as isotanks made of stainless steel, aluminium or carbon steel. It is a good solvent (a substance that can dissolve other substances). Toluene. The oral LD(50) for toluene in rats is 7.53 ml/kg (Smyth, Carpenter, Weil et al. Toluene occurs naturally in crude oil and in the tolu tree. November 2020. If you work in an industry that uses toluene, please read chemical labels and the accompanying Safety Data Sheets for hazard information. Toluene is the main chemical that causes many of the signs and symptoms seen with inhalation of glue and paint. Aromatic means that it's a member of the benzene family. Toluene, also called methylbenzene, is an organic chemical compound with a chemical formula of C7H8. It comprises 15–20 percent of coal-tar light oil and is a minor constituent of petroleum. Toluene, aromatic hydrocarbon used extensively as starting material for the manufacture of industrial chemicals. The central nervous system (CNS) is the primary target organ for toluene toxicity in both humans and animals for acute (short-term) and chronic (long-term) exposures. Benzene: The molar mass of benzene is about 78.11 g/mol. Toluene is a common ingredient in degreasers. Consumers could be exposed to these chemicals while using products containing uncured or unhardened TDI and its related compounds. Provides links and references to additional resources related to exposures to toluene. 4000, NIOSH Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health Concentrations (IDLH): Toluene, NIOSH Worker Notification Program: Shoe Manufacturers, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR): ToxFAQs™ for Toluene, ATSDR’s Medical Management Guidelines: Toluene, EPA Acute Exposure Guideline Levels: Toluene, EPA Consumer Fact Sheet Ground and Drinking Water: Toluene, EPA Integrated Risk Information System: Toluene, NLM Hazardous Substance Data Bank: Toluene, NLM (Household Products Database): Toluene, Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety: Toluene, OECD Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances: Toluene, WHO (Environmental Health Criteria 52): Toluene, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Workers in locations where there are leaking underground gasoline storage tanks, Construction workers who use paint, adhesives or solvents, Workers involved with the production of gasoline. Toluene is a toxic chemical used in in nail products and hair dyes. The TLV for toluene was established to protect against subclinical changes in color vision and the potential for spontaneous abortion in female workers. Toluene, formerly known as toluol, is a clear, water-insoluble liquid with the typical smell of paint thinners. Toluene is an aromatic hydrocarbon solvent and natural sources of toluene include crude oil and small quantities it is found in tolu tree.Toluene alternative names include methylbenzene, toluol, anisen, phenyl methane. Products that contain toluene can release the chemical into the air, where it can be inhaled. Before this question can be answered you must explain why you need the answer. Identification . The acute toxicity of toluene in animals is greater than that of benzene. 2,4-Diaminotoluene, precursor to toluene diisocyanate and azo dye. An answer is that toluene is benzene with a methyl group stuck on it. 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