----- With this extension, you can: 1) Double-click any word to view its definition in a small pop-up bubble. working relationships with the many other organizations which are Furthermore it is a two-way educational process where local Unlike four-year universities and colleges, and community colleges, extension programs aren’t completed for credit. Individual differences | Extension definition, an act or instance of extending, lengthening, stretching out, or enlarging the scope of something. The development of participatory extension requires a re-examination of the communication process. A number of other terms are used in different parts of the world to describe the same or a similar concept: In the US, an extension agent is a university employee who develops and delivers educational programs to assist people in economic and community development, leadership, family issues, agriculture and environment. The extension forester has the important role of initiating Communication processes within extension systems, How communication takes place in an extension system: paternalism versus participation, Why communication takes place: persuasion versus education. Participatory approaches involve information-sharing and joint decision-making. By the end of the 19th century, the idea had spread to Denmark, Netherlands, Italy, and France. Pragmatically, if not ideologically, all of these activities are agricultural extension. Agricultural Extension Meeting in Laos, 2006. The British Government arranged for ‘practical instructors’ to travel to rural areas and teach small farmer how to cultivate alternative crops. Most of this communication has taken the form of verbal explanations and practical demonstrations, but some information took a more durable form as soon as systems of writing were developed. Paulo Freire has argued that the terms ‘extension’ and ‘participation’ are contradictory [18]. Do not test the extension on this page; it will not work! dealing with agroforestry. existing knowledge, and to add his own knowledge. Job Description for an Extension Agent. 2. 2. 1989). Extension programmes based on this model has been described as ‘paternalistic’; in other words, the actors in the communication process have a parent/child or teacher/student relationship. Between 1845-51 the Irish potato crop was destroyed by fungal diseases and a severe famine occurred (see Great Irish Famine). extension forester under the following points: The primary role of the extension forester is to help people to Chavangi and Zimmermann (1987) attempted to describe the role of the Social | As research is an important component of extension forestry, the An Alabama Cooperative Extension System agronomist, regional agent and crop consultant demonstrate the merits of a new peanut harvesting technique to farmers in East Alabama. Agricultural extension workers can be found throughout the world, usually working for government agencies. n. 1. The role of the extension forester is to assemble and transmit There is no widely accepted definition of agricultural extension. Agroforestry Centre. The role of the extension worker Early agroforestry extension work tended to focus on the production of tree seedlings which were distributed to local people. Any particular extension system can be described both in terms of both how communication takes place and why it takes place. Personality | Rural Development Cooperative Grants 3. 2. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. Visit chrome://extensions/, click the "Update extensions now" button, then restart Chrome. Extension programs were designed to educate entire communities. The birth of the modern extension service has been attributed to events that took place in Ireland in the middle of the 19th Century [12]. how it can be done, what local co-operation and resources can be b. at improving the livelihood of people. of the organizer of visits to these projects. More recently, extension policy of the Government departments Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary up with their own solutions to the problems that have been identified. is a problem half solved. knowledge. From a practical point of view, however, communication processes that conform to each of these four paradigms are currently being organized under the name of extension in one part of the world or another. - If the extension is not working for you, please make sure it's up to date. involved in the promotion of rural afforestation in Kenya. Cooperative Extension System (CES) empowers farmers, ranchers, and communities of all sizes to meet the challenges they face, adapt to changing technology, improve nutrition and food safety, prepare for and respond to emergencies, and protect our environment. The Cooperative Services division serves cooperative members, directors, management, educational institutions, organizations, rural residents, and others interested in cooperative-based business. This scheme attracted the attention of government officials in Germany, who organized their own system of traveling instructors. Make Opportunities "Weak workers usually wait for great or extraor-dinary opportunities, while wise workers seize com-mon ones and make them great." Figure 12.1 Extension is a process of education. 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