Subscription terms | “After Liberation, particularly in the [1950s], many Survivors didn’t talk about their experiences during the Holocaust. The eight all live at the Gurwin Jewish-Fay J. Lindner Residences in Commack. Her family somehow managed to get her to a hospital. She recalled one sleepless night in particular. Ruth Meador shared on Tuesday, Jan. 22 the story of how she survived the Holocaust. Her clearest recollection is of Kristallnacht, the "Night of Broken Glass.". Reich wasn’t freed until May 5, 1945: He was 17 and weighed 64 pounds. The pandemic has changed education on Long Island. "We couldn't go outside," Meador said. When Meador looks back on her early years, she thinks about all the good people who helped her and how fortunate she was when so many others lost their lives. Hear directly from the artist about her career, her connection to the Holocaust and her approach to art. Meador and 80 other children boarded a train to Amsterdam with German soldiers. Robbin first started working on the idea in 1982, and the dedication took place on June 7, 1987. Find out how. “We were there, waiting to die,” he said. Mermelstein remembers being in a crowded boxcar and the last thing her father told her: "You are going to make it.". Sitemap | Once, they found a mound of potatoes. Jews." It marks the 75th anniversary of the liberation of the concentration camp complex Auschwitz, to which at least 1.3 million people were sent between 1940 and 1945, according to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum’s encyclopedia. It was a painful day for survivors around the world – including two women from Long Island who had just met. Back in 2005, Brad Zarlin, then a Huntington resident, called Chaim Wolgroch, a Holocaust survivor who lived in Charleston, South Carolina. Meador, 87, lives at an assisted living center in Commack. These trips became a turning point for hundreds of educators in their understanding and commitment to Holocaust education. She remembers her caretakers as if they were her own relatives. The exhibition will be on view at HMTC through June 1, 2021, and will showcase 30 works by Tmima which offer a window into the Holocaust's long-lasting impact on Survivors and other family members. Can't you smell the burning flesh?’” she recalled being told. Minutes after Meador stepped onto American soil, a man met her but he said nothing. Today, Selfhelp’s senior centers serve approximately 8,000 seniors throughout the borough. "We never saw them again," said Kamin, who was 10 at the time. The woman picked her up and sat her on a bed, where someone was under the covers. "When it was cold, we were cold," she said. STATEN ISLAND, N.Y. – When Rachel Gottlieb tells the story of how she survived the Holocaust, she doesn’t just talk about it, she sees and relives it all over again. "He said, 'Now I'm going to call my brother, your uncle,' " recalled Meador. They had virtually nothing to eat. He was forced to carry cement bags , unload bricks and work at a synthetic rubber factory. The store's six workers were no longer allowed to work there, she said. Soon after, soldiers came in and rounded up groups of men. Herman Gancz and his brother, Anton, were sent to the Furstengrube concentration camp in Germany. "It was her," Meador said of the planned surprise. Meador, 87, lives at … On Nov. 9, 1938, Nazis trashed and looted Jewish businesses, schools and homes, and killed dozens of Jews. Help, LI school bus companies sue 47 school districts, say payments were stopped, Coliseum expected to see more concerts in '21, The biggest LI restaurant closures of 2020. Terms of service | On Jan. 27, 1945,  Soviet soldiers found about 7,000 survivors. And, as liberators closed in, recalled Werner Reich of Smithtown, now 92, the Nazis tried to cover up what they’d done, and prisoners were sent on a death march. Lastly, she remembers how the end of the war came to the camp. The brothers eventually made it to America. A Long Island psychologist who narrowly escaped the Holocaust was reunited for the first time with an elderly man whose family had hid him from the ... How a Holocaust survivor … "Each child carried a small suitcase, and they (the soldiers) would open them and dump out the contents. "We call that chutzpah.". "I remember hearing the most terrible sounds — people being hurt, screaming, and things being broken like dishes," Meador recalled. Monday is International Holocaust Remembrance Day. Michal Lotzkar, daughter of Polish Holocaust survivor Arieh Engelberg, who survived numerous labor camps before eventually finding refuge in Israel after the Holocaust, shares her family's story of survival, determination, and luck. "We would knock on a door" and beg for food, she said. At 87, Meador is the youngest of the group. Holocaust survivor Esther Basch was a guest speaker at Babylon High School, where her great-grandson, Jake Turet, 16, is a 10th-grade student. "The German soldiers were very mean, especially to the little children," Meador said of the train ride. It was so crowded that everyone had to turn over at the same time, she said. Credit: Newsday / John Paraskevis & Jim Rassol. In America and Europe, many Holocaust survivors were helped financially by reparations paid by the West German government, however survivors from the FSU were less fortunate. The precise number of people who survived the Holocaust and moved to Long Island or elsewhere in the area is not known, according to Deborah Lom of the Holocaust Museum & Tolerance Center of Nassau County, in Glen Cove. Your ad choices | “So we also don’t know how many are still alive.”. Of the 1.3 million, 1.1 million were murdered, and nearly 1 million were Jews. The German police simply stood by. Toby Levy, 86, is a Holocaust survivor and a regular speaker at the museum to teach children about that dark stain on history. Then three years later, Meador learned she could go to the United States. In January 1945, they were ordered to move to another camp — on foot. Advertise with Newsday | Ahead of International Holocaust Remembrance Day, Meador and seven others came together to share their memories of that dark time so long ago. Where she could play. "A youth group marched through the streets singing anti-Jewish songs," she said. CBS2's Kiran Dhillon reports. “I think the whole world should know these things,” she said. Charlotte is a member of the Holocaust Center's Speakers Bureau. Cookie Settings | JOIN LIVE ON ZOOM Join on Facebook Live Join us for our weekly Lunch-and-Learn series to hear children and grandchildren of Holocaust survivors, notable speakers on timely issues, and historical exp… The couple still live together, at the assisted living center. The inter-generational meeting took place as … She remembers what they told her: "You're free.". Located in occupied Poland, Auschwitz was the largest complex of its kind, but far from the only camps established by the Third Reich: According to the American Jewish Congress, there were 42,500 ghettos and camps that imprisoned an estimated 15 million to 20 million people. Then, quietly, the girls and their parents squeezed into the bathroom. Mermelstein, Rosenthal and Reich represent an aging number of Holocaust survivors on Long Island and across the world whose dwindling ranks take with them firsthand, eyewitness accounts of Nazi atrocities. By clicking Sign up, you agree to our privacy policy. Ruth de Beer was 7 in 1933 when the Nazis started replacing books with magazines that depicted Jews as thieves and worse. She remembers dinners of watery soup and a piece of bread. "They found her and wrote down her number.". She remembers what happened in bits, the way little ones do. She eventually found her sister with the help of the Red Cross. Sitemap | Then, one by one, they talked about their early lives. Gancz was 14, his brother about a year younger. By 1939, Holland was no longer safe from the Nazis, and Meador was moved again — this time to England. CEDARHURST, N.Y. (CBSNewYork) – More than 150 Holocaust survivors spent time with 10 Israeli soldiers on Long Island on Thursday. And she did, having two daughters, three grandchildren and four great-grandchildren, but her journey to North Bellmore was paved with unspeakable horror: a cascade of more restrictive laws against Jews in her native Hungary, then deportation to Auschwitz and elsewhere. That night, without turning on the light, Meador's mother came into the bedroom that she shared with her older sister, Marion, and handed them their clothes. Your ad choices | She learned of a Dutch social worker, Truus Wijsmuller, who was moving hundreds of Jewish children whose families wanted them to go into hiding. Some of those children are the grandchildren of Holocaust survivors. She was given specific instructions on what to do when she arrived in New York: She should go with the person who called her by name. "I held my nose all night," she said. He had already been sent to Mauthausen, another camp. “Look, I’m not celebrating Auschwitz's liberation. Holocaust Survivor Program Operating the oldest and largest comprehensive program serving Holocaust survivors in North America. They didn't know where her sister was and her mother had died from typhoid in the concentration camp. Anton died about two months ago. Then, the Germans discovered their hiding place. Contact Newsday | We were given just a slice of bread at the beginning of the trip. They divided them up one potato per person per day. She said she has no photos of her family left. He had seen it. She called them Aunt Millie and Uncle Fred, Aunt Phyllis and Uncle Izzy. Then, she saw Russian soldiers. California Privacy Rights | Life outdoors, for them and other Polish Jews, went on for a couple of months. Long Islanders who survived the Holocaust commemorate the 75th anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camps. She was hit, twice in the arm. "I couldn't carry him. Subscription terms | Featuring a contemporary museum, the Center is one of the largest and most comprehensive education program providers in the region. “To me, Auschwitz was like the French Riviera compared to Buchenwald,” said Rosenthal, recalling how prisoners wouldn’t be fed and would be worked literally to death, with bodies strewn “like garbage.”. Find out how. She had been forced to live in a ghetto, leave school at 12 and was "lucky" to be selected to live by the notorious Nazi doctor Josef Mengele then forced into slave labor and a death march. It was in the bitter cold of winter and her mother dressed her in layers of dresses, socks and undergarments. In 1955, she married. Those who died at Auschwitz include members of the family of Simon, the Holocaust survivor living in a Long Island high-rise apartment building. That's the day I went through the selection, through Dr. Mengele,” Reich said, “and I’m celebrating May 5, when I was liberated from Mauthausen.”. They slept behind trees. Survivors Rabbi Fabian Schonfeld, Hannah Horon, Ethel Katz, Hannah Deutsch, Cynthia Zalisky, Steve Berger, and Hanne Liebmann realized the total extent of Nazi brutality, struggled to live within hometowns that were still antisemitic, and face a world that … In 1935, Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party had been in power two years — controlling virtually every aspect of daily life. For a few, the years have muddled their memories. There was no food. Developing News NYPD Investigating If … He would move to the United States, work in real estate, buy a house in Roslyn and become a synagogue president of Shelter Rock Jewish Center and establish a Holocaust studies center at the City University of New York’s Graduate Center. Her sister, three years her senior, was moved into a home where she took care of a family's children. California Privacy Rights | "She was not Jewish, but she had a lot of guts," Meador recalled of Wijsmuller, who is mentioned in oral histories archived at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington. CEDARHURST, Long Island -- It was an emotional meeting for a Holocaust survivor who had the chance to meet the relatives of the doctor who saved his life at a concentration camp multiple times. She remembers hiding in the woods near the Russian border with her parents and sister. A message was scrawled on the store window: "Don't shop here. They would take things and throw them out the window.". She lost her younger sister, Gertrude, to the Nazis. "They would have killed him," Gancz recalled. Her father looked nothing like how she remembered him. Many Holocaust survivors are in need of support and live solely on meager pensions – having to make the impossible choice every day between buying food and other essentials like lifesaving medicines, shelter, and heat in the winter months. They never spoke of that time. Her parents sold the store and the family moved to Palestine, the area now known as Israel. Today, thousands of elderly Jews who miraculously escaped death during the Holocaust are living out their final years in poverty and isolation. “There was no humanity,” she said of the Holocaust. 1972 The vital work for Holocaust survivors expands through community-based programs in Washington Heights and Queens, and in later years Brooklyn, Nassau County, and the Bronx. Basch, 91, shared her life story. She remembers a wooden bed that six prisoners squeezed into. Reich, whose family began to suffer the fallout of Hitler's rise early on with laws restricting Jewish employment and business ownership, worked in the resistance. The pandemic has changed education on Long Island. They stayed close all their lives. Only 12, Meador traveled by ship — alone. In that instant, her mother was left raising two little girls. Camp officials came in, intent on selecting sick people for extermination. Sally Birnbaum saw the inside of four concentration camps in Germany. Then, the man spoke in broken English. In Amsterdam, Meador was placed in a shelter. Betsy Touriel-Kapner’s maternal grandparents, Gisela and Friedrich Aschkenasi, lived in Vienna, Austria, where they were married in … Robbin was a holocaust survivor from the Schindlerjuden and Oskar Schindler ’s physician and the chairman and founder of the Long Island Holocaust Memorial Commission. “‘Can't you see the smoke? When caught, he eventually found himself at Auschwitz after being selected by Mengele to live. Her sister had fallen ill and was recovering in the camp infirmary. 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